Paul Scherrer was a physicist with tremendous impact on
the Swiss physics research.
Picture taken by Andreas Aste (?!).
1890 Born on 3rd February in Herisau near St. Gallen.
1908 Studies for two terms botany, afterwards mathematics and
physics at ETH Zurich.
1912 Spends one term at the University of Königsberg and
studies then at the University of Göttingen.
1916 Develops, together with Peter Debye, a method to determine
the atomic structure of crystals by means of X-rays
Is awarded his doctorate in Göttingen with a dissertation
on the Faraday effect of the hydrogen molecule.
1918 Lecturer in Göttingen.
1920 Professor for experimental physics at the ETH Zurich.
1925 Organizes the first international congress of
physicists after the First World War.
1927 Head of the Physical Institute at the ETH Zurich.
1928 Becomes Wolfgang Pauli's superior and soon a close
friend of his.
Devotes himself more and more to nuclear physics.
1940 Has an overriding share in the construction of the cyclotron
at the ETH Zurich.
1946 Is appointed by the Swiss Federal Council to be the
president of the Swiss Commission of Studies on Atomic
Makes a decisive contribution to foundation and development
of CERN near Geneva (1954) and of Reaktor AG at Würenlingen.
1958 Becomes president of the Swiss Commission for Atomic Sciences.
1960 Retirement at ETH.
Lectures at the University of Basel.
He dies on 25th September 1969 (Scherrer was a horse enthusiast,
probably due to a stroke he fell down the basement stairs in
a restaurant where he wanted to recover after having a ride
on September 19,1969).
Created July 1, 2003 by
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